Unit 13: Vocabulary

Please study the 20 vocabulary terms below. Then press the Mark Complete button to continue.
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acute
sharp or severe in effect; intense
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She was in acute pain when the doctor arrived.
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bedridden
confined to bed because of illness or injury
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Mr Jones was bedridden for two weeks after the operation.
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benign
non-cancerous, self-limiting
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Benign tumors do not spread through the body.
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blood work
any of a series of tests conducted on a patients' blood
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When the results of the blood work came back, the initial diagnosis was confirmed.
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chronic
constant, having a long duration
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She suffers from chronic migraines so she has to take a lot of time off work.
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combat
take action to reduce or prevent something
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The health service has introduced free consultations on diet to combat obesity.
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counseling
professional guidance given by speech
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Preventative counseling can be very effective in changing a patient's harmful habits.
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deficient
insufficient, not enough
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A lot of people take dietary supplements to compensate for vitamin deficiencies in their system.
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dispense
to distribute, to give to
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Medications are dispensed at 08:00, 12:00 and 18:00 by the nurse on duty.
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imperative
of great importance or necessity
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It is imperative that women over the age of 40 be screened for breast cancer.
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interpret
to understand a meaning in a particular way
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Unfortunately there are several ways to interpret test results so doctors cannot be 100% sure of the cause.
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malignant
characterized by uncontrolled growth, invasive, cancerous
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If the tumor is malignant, we will have to operate.
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otherwise
adverb after a suggestion, used to indicate the consequence if this suggestion is not followed
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You should go to the doctor, otherwise the infection may get worse.
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pharmacology
the science of dealing with the preparation and effects of drugs
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In order to work as a pharmacist you have to study pharmacology.
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rehabilitation
the act of restoring to good health or good condition
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Patients can become very frustrated during the rehabilitation process.
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respond to
to react favorably to
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His body is responding to the treatment so he is no longer in critical condition.
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sedation
the calming of mental excitement or physical function often by the administering of drugs
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Sedation is often needed when a patient is a danger to themselves.
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self-prescribe
designating a medication on ones' own without the involvement of a doctor
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Patients who self-prescribe are often at serious risk as they do not have full knowledge on the effects.
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surgical intervention
the act of surgery or operating on a patient
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Surgical interventions have become much safer in recent years.
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tumor
an internal growth of cells
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If you feel a tumor in your breast, you should contact your GP immediately.
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