Unit 14: Vocabulary

Please study the 21 vocabulary terms below. Then press the Mark Complete button to continue.
USA
UK
annual blood test
a test performed every year in which a small sample of blood is taken and examined to check blood content and look for signs of any disease or disorde
USA
UK
Under your health insurance you can have annual blood tests done free of charge.
USA
UK
appointment
an arrangement to see a doctor at a specific date and time
USA
UK
As Claire was feeling very weak and had a high temperature, she phoned to make an appointment with her GP.
USA
UK
BMI (body mass index)
a measure of body fat calculated on the basis of weight and height
USA
UK
The result of his BMI count was 23.5, which meant his weight was appropriate.
USA
UK
BRCA genetic test
a test of two human genes which helps determine the risk of occurrence of breast cance
USA
UK
Because there had been cases of cancer in her family, Mary had the BRCA test done.
USA
UK
breast cancer
is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the mammary glands or surrounding tissue
USA
UK
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women after skin cancer.
USA
UK
burst
to break open or apart, suddenly or violently
USA
UK
He was rushed into surgery after his appendix burst
USA
UK
cervical cancer
a cancer that develops in the tissue of the cervix
USA
UK
One of the symptoms of cervical cancer is vaginal bleeding.
USA
UK
chemistry panel
a series of blood tests to determine the amount of specific chemicals (e.g. electrolytes, enzymes, lipids, hormones, etc.) in a blood sample and thus give insight into a person's general health
USA
UK
The results of the chemical panel indicate that you may be prone to coronary artery disease.
USA
UK
cholesterol
a substance in the blood and cells which can cause the diseases of the heart and arteries
USA
UK
As Jane’s tests had shown a high cholesterol level, she had to reduce the intake of saturated fats.
USA
UK
colonoscopy
a screening test performed to check for colorectal cance
USA
UK
As our clinic is equipped with a CCD camera, our specialists can perform colonoscopy on request.
USA
UK
colorectal cancer
the development of cancer in the parts of the large intestine
USA
UK
Mark has been feeling very tired lately and has lost a lot of weight, so the doctor ordered him to have the stool blood test done to eliminate the possibility of colorectal cancer.
USA
UK
complete blood count
a series of blood tests which provide information on cells in the blood, including red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), and platelets, as well as the amount of hemoglobin, and hematrocit
USA
UK
The complete blood count is a very common procedure as it provides an overview of a patient’s general health condition.
USA
UK
detection
the process of detecting symptoms of a disease or a disorde
USA
UK
An early detection of a tumor increases the chances of a successful treatment.
USA
UK
DRE (digital rectal exam)
a manual examination to check for problems with organs in the pelvis and lower belly, such as the prostate gland in men and the uterus in women.
USA
UK
To perform DRE, put on a glove, apply some lubricant on your finger and slide it into the rectum.
USA
UK
family health history
information about diseases and disorders your close relatives have experienced
USA
UK
A thorough family health history can help determine the risk of occurrence of any fatal diseases.
USA
UK
fibrinogen
a protein essential for blood clot formation
USA
UK
After the body suffers an injury, fibrinogen converts into threads that form a net stabilizing the injury site until it is fully healed.
USA
UK
obesity
the condition of being too overweight
USA
UK
About 12% of the male population suffers from heart disease caused indirectly by obesity.
USA
UK
prostate cancer
the development of cancer in the gland of the male reproductive system
USA
UK
James had been diagnosed with prostate cancer which further contributed to his depression.
USA
UK
risk factor
anything that increases the chance of getting a disease
USA
UK
Intravenous drug use is a major risk factor for contracting HIV.
USA
UK
screen
to test if someone is suffering from a particular disease
USA
UK
It is possible to screen for a variety of diseases before any symptoms are present.
USA
UK
ultrasound
a test that uses high-frequency sound waves to capture images from the inside of the body
USA
UK
To confirm she was pregnant, Claire had an ultrasound scan done by her gynecologist.
Go to unit menu