Unit 23: Vocabulary

Please study the 20 vocabulary below and press the Mark Complete button to continue.
UK
US
abscess
a swollen area containing puss
UK
US
If the abscess ruptures, and the infection seems to clear up in a couple of days, your body should heal on its own.
UK
US
acoustic neuroma
an abnormal growth in the ear
UK
US
An acoustic neuroma can often affect balance and hearing.
UK
US
carbuncle
multiple boils on the skin
UK
US
Because of its infectious nature, a carbuncle can spread quickly.
UK
US
cicatrix
the scar of a healed wound
UK
US
Her legs had a large cicatrix on the side from a childhood operation.
UK
US
cytoid
a cell-like structure
UK
US
It is easy to mistake a cytoid for a cell.
UK
US
cytoplasm
any material inside a cell
UK
US
Mainly composed of water, salts, and proteins, cytoplasm is essential for the removal of waste material from a cell.
UK
US
duodenal ulcer
a sore in the first part of the small intestine
UK
US
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin can cause a duodenal ulcer.
UK
US
ganglion
an abnormal benign swelling on a tendon
UK
US
Your GP can perform aspiration of the ganglion in your wrist.
UK
US
hernia
a condition in which part of an organ is displaced and protrudes through a weak spot in the surrounding tissue wall or muscle
UK
US
Lifting heavy objects is the leading cause of getting a hernia.
UK
US
lateral
moving toward or having to do with the side
UK
US
The surgeon made a lateral incision along the length of the abdomen.
UK
US
macro-
large or long
UK
US
He was scheduled for surgery after the discovery of a macro-growth.
UK
US
micro-
small or delicate
UK
US
There were several micro-fractures in the collar bone.
UK
US
neuroid
resembling a nerve or nerve tissue
UK
US
The growth was neuroid in appearance.
UK
US
palate
the top of the mouth
UK
US
He burned his palate while eating hot pizza.
UK
US
peptic ulcers
sores on the stomach lining
UK
US
Peptic ulcers, while not serious, can be very painful.
UK
US
proximal
closest to the torso
UK
US
His proximal rib was broken in the skiing accident.
UK
US
renal calculi
kidney stones
UK
US
The renal calculi didn’t respond to shock treatment so he had to wait until he passed them naturally.
UK
US
toxicity
the state of being toxic or poisonous
UK
US
The toxicity of the drug is only a problem in high doses.
US
UK
varicose veins
enlarged veins
US
UK
Varicose veins are most common in elderly women.
UK
US
verrucas
contagious warts on the sole of the foot
UK
US
Verrucas are highly contagious, so you should not walk barefoot in public areas if you have them.
Go to unit menu