Unit 16: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
apprise
to provide or give information, to inform
Please apprise me of the patients' condition if it changes.
AED (automated external defibrillator)
portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses cardiac arrhythmia in a patient, and is able to treat them through defibrillation
When the patient was hooked up to the AED it showed an arrhythmia and administered a small shock to correct it.
CPR (cardiopulminary resuscitation)
a first aid technique that can be used if someone is not breathing properly or if their heart has stopped
A lot of first aiders learn CPR in the event of an emergency.
cot
a flat board which is used for carrying patients in a horizontal position
The paramedics carried the cot to the ambulance.
disinfect
to thoroughly clean so as to kill bacteria
It is important to disinfect all surfaces to stop infection from spreading.
en-route
on the way, in the process of travelling to a location
We are en-route and will be there in less than 5 minutes.
extricate
to remove from a situations - often difficult or dangerous
It took 3 firefighters to extricate the driver from the wreck.
face-sheet
a form providing information to the hospital admitting a patient
The nurse consulted the face-sheet and saw that the paramedic had already administered 5mg of the drug.
jaundiced
yellowish in appearance
Sometimes poor diet can result in a jaundiced appearance, but it could also signal a problem with the kidneys.
LOC (level of consciousness)
any test which is given to establish the mental condition of a patient. e.g. GCS test
The Glasgow Coma Score is one of the most widely used level of consciousness tests as it provides objective data.
nasogastric intubation
the process of inserting a plastic tube through the nose and into the stomach
The paramedic had to perform a nasogastric intubation to administer the activated charcoal.
paramedic
an EMT who has passed the 2nd grade of training
He started as an EMT basic but after training and passing his final exam he is now a paramedic.
prioritize
to give priority, importance to
It can be emotionally difficult to prioritize patients as each of them need help.
remediate
to correct or make right
Insulin is used to remediate blood sugar levels.
rig
an ambulance
Most rigs have a driver and a paramedic.
run-sheet
a list of all events and procedures organized in a temporal order
Remember to keep all run-sheets safe for future reference.
stabilize
to make steadier, to prevent from changing
He is losing too much blood. We need to stabilize him before we can move him.
suppress
to curb, reduce, inhibit or stop
He was given two pain killers to suppress the headache.
ventilation
the process of using a mechanical device to provide air to a patient
The patient needed ventilation to regulate his breathing.
viable
possible, likely to succeed
I am not sure if this is a viable course of action.
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