Unit 17: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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assessment
a judgment of a situation
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An EMT must remain calm in order to provide an accurate assessment.
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bandage
to wrap a bandage around the injured body part
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After the wound is cleaned, it has to be bandaged.
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bleeding
the process of losing blood
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Instructed by an EMT, Amy pressed hard on the wound until the bleeding slowed.
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blood transfusion
the injection of blood taken from one person into the bloodstream of another
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The victim has lost a lot of blood and blood transfusion is necessary.
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burn
an injury which is caused by fire, heat or a dangerous substance
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She suffered burns to her right arm and parts of her back in the accident in the laboratory.
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casualty
someone who is killed or injured in an accident
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There are no reports of casualties in the accident.
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composure
being calm and confident
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Despite being devastated by the news, Rupert quickly regained his composure.
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constricted
smaller and more narrow
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When pupils are unnaturally constricted, look for head injuries.
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dilated
more open and wider
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Dilated pupils may be the sign of drug intake.
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dispatcher
a person responsible for sending vehicles to the place where they are needed
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The dispatcher answered the phone and heard a weak voice saying: Please, help me.
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dosage
the amount of medicine which should be given
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Unwanted side effects may occur if the recommended daily dosage is exceeded.
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hazardous
dangerous to people’s health or safety
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These chemicals are hazardous to human health.
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immobilize
to make a person unable to move
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If a limb is broken, immobilize it as soon as possible.
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injury
damage to body suffered in an accident
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The passenger suffered minor head injuries.
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poisoning
an illness which is caused by eating, drinking and breathing a dangerous substance
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Call emergency services immediately in case of any suspicion of mushroom poisoning.
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pulse
the regular movement of blood which is pumped round the body by the heart
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The paramedic rushed to take her pulse but unfortunately felt nothing.
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pupil
the opening in the center of the eye which lets light in
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Pupils dilate (open bigger) as a response to low light situations, danger, sexual arousal, and certain drugs.
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splint
to secure a fractured bone
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Proceed with caution when attempting to splint a broken leg.
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traumatic
making you feel shocked and upset
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Being in a traffic accident is always a traumatic experience.
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vital signs
any signs showing that a person is alive
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The primary vital signs include body temperature, blood pressure and pulse.
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