Unit 2: Vocabulary

In order to pass this unit, you need to know vocabulary below.
bandage
a long piece of cloth which is wrapped around an injured body part
Make sure the scalpel is sterile before you begin performing a surgery.
brace
an object to support a body part and hold it in the correct position after injury
If the patient has suffered a severe head injury and there is a risk for a spinal cord injury, he or she will have to wear a neck brace.
cast
a tough cover which protects an injured body part or a broken limb
A broken bone will be treated with the cast unless it is very small.
catheter
a thin tube inserted into a patient’s body in order to remove a liquid, e.g. urine
As you will be immobilized after the surgery so unable to go to the toilet, you will have a catheter inserted.
crutches
sticks which fit under your arms and are used to walk when your leg or foot is injured or broken
She’s been walking on crutches for 4 weeks now and is really looking forward to the moment when her leg has fully recovered.
defibrillator
a device to correct abnormal heart rate by means of electric shocks
A defibrillator is commonly used in case of patients with irregular heart beats.
diagnostic equipment
tools and devices used by doctors to examine a patient and form an opinion of what is wrong
A stethoscope and thermometer are examples of common diagnostic equipment.
forceps
an instrument with two long narrow parts for holding things during medical operations
Use forceps to close the blood vessel.
incubator
a piece of hospital equipment in which ill or premature babies lie to be kept warm and given treatment
As my son was born a month before he was due, he had to be placed in an incubator.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
a medical imaging technique used to produce images of internal organs
To produce images of the body, MRI scanners use magnetic fields or radio waves.
scalpel
a small sharp knife used by doctors during operations to cut skin & tissue
Make sure scalpel is sterile before you begin performing a surgery.
sling
a piece of cloth to support your arm in case it’s injured
As I have injured my wrist and have to wear a sling, I’m going to take a few days off work.
splint
a metal, plastic or wooden element placed next to a broken bone to immobilize it while it’s healing
Before the doctor put my arm in a cast, he placed a metal splint next to it, so now my arm is so heavy!
stethoscope
a tool which is used for listening to someone's breathing or heart
When you complain to a GP about acute cough, he or she uses a stethoscope to listen to your chest.
stretcher
a type of portable bed used to carry an injured or ill person
Stretchers are included as standard equipment for ambulances in case paramedics need to carry injured patients.
syringe
a tool which is used to inject fluid into the body or withdraw fluid from it
The majority of doctors surgeries use disposable syringes these days.
thermometer
a tool to measure temperature of the body
Due to the toxicity of mercury, mercury thermometers were banned in EU.
tongue depressor
a tool used during examinations of the throat which helps keep the view open
Now please open your mouth and I will use a tongue depressor to check your throat.
wheelchair
a rolling transportation device often used by someone who cannot walk
She's been in a wheelchair since she had her leg amputated.
X-ray
a type of radiation used to produce images that help to diagnose diseases
He had an X-ray taken and it revealed he had broken a rib
Go to Unit Activities