Unit 22: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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adrenal glands
a pair of organs located above the kidney which produce a variety of hormones and steroids including aldosterone and cortisol
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Overproduction of cortisol in the adrenal glands can lead to Cushing's syndrome.
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antrum
the lower section of the stomach
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Unlike the rest of the stomach, the antrum does not produce acid.
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aorta
the largest artery in the body
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The aorta is divided into five segments.
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areola
the circular pigmented area surrounding the nipple
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The areola secretes oil to lubricate the nipple.
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aural
related to the ear or the sense of hearing
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Certain aural drops have severe side-effects including rash, itching, and dizziness.
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bladder
a sac which holds urine before it is expelled
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After the physical exam, the doctor diagnosed him with an overactive bladder.
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blood vessels
a common name for veins, arteries, and capillaries
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Strokes are most commonly caused by blocked blood vessels.
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bone marrow
soft issue inside bones which produce blood cells
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A bone marrow transplant is also known as a stem cell transplant.
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bowel
the intestine
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His bowel was partially blocked so the doctor recommended waiting until it cleared before proceeding with the examination.
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breasts
soft organs of the woman which produce milk
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It is common for breasts to swell during pregnancy.
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cartilage
flexible connective tissue found between joints
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His doctor advised him not to train for the next 3 months while the cartilage in his knee healed.
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cerebellum
the area of the brain responsible for controlling movement and balance
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The cerebellum receives information from the sensory system and regulates motor movements.
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cerebrum
the largest part of the brain, responsible for complex sensory and neural functions
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The accident caused damage to her cerebrum which resulted in a mild personality disorder.
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cervix
the narrow passage at the lower end of the uterus
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Cells were collected from the cervix to perform the PAP test.
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clitoris
sensitive tissue on the female genitals
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The piercing on her clitoris became infected and had to be removed.
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coccyx
tailbone
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Sitting on a hard surface can result in coccyx pain.
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cochlea
the external organ of hearing
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Her hearing problems came from a buildup of wax in the cochlea.
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cornea
the transparent layer at the front of the eye
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A small stone flew up from the road and scratched his cornea.
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corpus
the main part of the body
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The heart, kidney and lungs are all located in the corpus.
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cortex
the external layer of an organ
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The cerebral cortex is made up of 6 layers.
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