Unit 28: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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arthrocentesis
the removal of fluid from a joint by using a needle
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The attending doctor suspected gout so he ordered arthrocentesis of the knee.
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arthrogram
an x-ray of a joint
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As the surgeon was concerned, he ordered an arthrogram of the knee.
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bilateral
connected to both sides of the body
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He suffered bilateral ankle fractures as a result of his landing awkwardly after the jump.
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bunion
a growth of bone at the base of the big toe
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Incorrect foot position while walking can cause bunions to form.
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carpal
of or connected to the wrist
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The human wrist is a complex joint which consists of 8 carpal bones.
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dorsal
of or connected to the back of the body
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Poor posture and sitting for long periods can contribute to dorsal pain.
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extension
the action of moving a limb to a straight position
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The damaged tendon made extension of the limb painful.
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femoral
of or connected to the thigh
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Physiotherapy is very effective in dealing with femoral nerve pain.
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fissure
a long narrow opening in tissue or bone
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The blood vessels run through the fissure in the bone.
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fracture
a crack or break in the bone
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When he fell down the stairs, he suffered a fracture of the shoulder blade.
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iliofemeral
of or connected to the hip or thigh bone
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The iliofemeral ligament is the strongest ligament in the body.
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inversion
moving or turning inward
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Inversion of the belly button often occurs during pregnancy.
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lumbar vertebrae
small bones of the spine in the lower back
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Five individual bones in the lower back from the lumbar vertebrae.
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OA (osteoarthritis)
a condition in which joints become stiff and painful
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Obesity increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
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osteocytes
bone cells
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Stress on bones is dealt with by osteocytes.
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osteomalacia
the softening of bones
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Both vitamin D and calcium can have beneficial effects in the treatment of osteomalacia.
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pelvic bone
the hip bone
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Women normally have a larger pelvic bone than men to aid in childbirth.
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radius
the thicker of the two bones in the forearm
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Full movement should be restored 8 weeks after a fracture of the radius.
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rheumatic fever
an disease marked by joint pain and high temperature
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Early diagnosis is the key to preventing rheumatic fever.
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sacrum
a triangular bone in the lower back
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The sacrum is one of the strongest bones as it supports the weight of the upper body.
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