Unit 29: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 19 vocabulary words below.
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basal cell carcinoma
a type of skin cancer often appearing as a transparent bump on the skin
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Nowadays most people are aware that sunbathing is a leading cause of basal cell carcinoma.
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cancerous
malignant in nature as opposed to benign
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The doctors suspected that the tumor may be cancerous and ordered a biopsy.
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carcinogenic
causing cancer
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Smoke from tobacco is known to be carcinogenic.
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carcinoma
a cancer arising in the lining of internal organs
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Fortunately, the carcinoma was found to be benign.
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chemotherapy
treatment of disease using a mixture of drugs
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After an operation to remove a cancer, chemotherapy is the first course of treatment.
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cytogenic
producing cells
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The prostate gland is a cytogenic gland as it secretes living cells.
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leukemia
cancer of the white blood cells
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Leukemia is a cancer caused by an overproduction of damaged white blood cells.
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lymphoma
cancer of the lymph nodes
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There is a risk of the lymphoma spreading to the kidney and lungs.
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melanoma
a serious cancerous growth on the skin similar in appearance to a mole
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Although the most dangerous form of skin cancer, melanoma can still be treated.
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myeloma
a blood cancer arising from damaged plasma cells
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The specialist discussed methods of slowing the myeloma.
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neoplasm
an abnormal new growth
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A neoplasm can be either benign or malignant so should be investigated.
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nephroma
an abnormal growth in the kidney
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Surgery is often the treatment of choice for nephroma because it leads to the best outcomes.
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neuroma
an abnormal growth made of nerve tissue
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The MRI confirmed the presence of a neuroma in the ball of her foot.
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oncogenic
causing the development of tumors
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Viruses which are suspected of causing cancers are referred to as oncogenic cancers.
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polyp
a growth which protrudes from the tissue
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If a polyp is small and asymptomatic, it may disappear on its own.
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pulmonary neoplasm
a tumor in the lungs
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A biopsy was taken to confirm the malignancy of the pulmonary neoplasm.
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radiotherapy
the treatment of disease using radiation
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In most cases radiotherapy is used as the second stage of treatment.
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sarcoma
cancer of connective tissue cells
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Stage IV sarcoma is rarely curable as it has already spread throughout the body.
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thymoma
a tumor in the thymus tissue
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Having been diagnosed, a thymoma can be removed surgically.
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