Unit 3: Vocabulary

In order to pass this unit, you need to know vocabulary below.
A&E (accident and emergency)
a department which treats patients with serious illnesses or injuries, especially life-threatening ones
She was taken to A&E on suspicion of appendicitis.
anesthetic
a substance which causes lack of awareness or feeling, thus permitting surgery or other painful procedures
Before we begin, you will be administered a local anesthetic.
cardiology
the study and treatment of heart disorders
If you suffer from chest pains or find it difficult to breathe at times, please consult a cardiology specialist.
clinic
a part of a hospital where outpatients come for diagnosis and treatment
Please confirm your appointment by phone two days before coming to the clinic.
geriatrics
the study, treatment and care of old people
Geriatrics’ main goal is to promote health in old age by preventing and treating diseases.
gynecology
the branch of medicine in which doctors study and treat medical conditions which affect women and their reproductive organs
Due to high infertility rate, gynecology has become a highly sought-after specialization.
inpatient
a person who stays in the hospital for the time of treatment
As all the hospital wards are full, we cannot take any inpatients right now.
ICU (intensive care unit )
a ward where patients who are seriously ill are closely monitored
He suffered from such serious injuries in the motorbike crash that he was taken to the Intensive Care Unit.
maternity ward
a place for pregnant women or women who have just given birth
The maternity ward is a place where women give birth to babies.
neonatal
related to the period after birth, especially the first 4 weeks after birth
When a baby is born prematurely, it is taken care of in a neonatal unit.
neurology
a specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system
If you want to specialize in neurology, you need to be knowledgeable about the brain, the spinal cord and the nerves.
oncology
the field of medicine concerned with the study, treatment of prevention of cancer
After noticing an abnormal spot, lump or ulcer on your skin, contact the nearest oncology unit immediately.
outpatient
a person who does not stay in the hospital but comes to a clinic or surgery for a treatment
The neurology clinic is attended by a lot of outpatients suffering from nervous system disorders.
palliative care
medical care which does not provide a cure for a disease, but reduces its severity or slows its progress
Patients suffering from fatal diseases often require palliative care.
pharmacy
a place where drugs and medicines are prepared and sold
Go to the pharmacy to replenish the stock of barbiturates.
physiotherapy
the treatment of injuries by doing special exercises
Physiotherapy is recommended after any kind of back injury.
psychiatric
related to the treatment and prevention of mental illnesses
Patients who might behave aggressively towards others are kept in closed psychiatric hospitals.
surgery
a kind of treatment in which a doctor cuts into somebody’s body in order to remove or repair the damaged or diseased organs
All surgeries are performed in the operating room on the second floor.
university hospital
an institution which combines the services of a hospital with the education of medical students and medical research
Working in a university hospital is the best way for future doctors to learn and gain practical experience.
ward
a large hospital room with beds for patients to stay
Our wards have been equipped with modern life functions monitoring equipment.
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