Unit 32: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 18 vocabulary words below.
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adrenaline
a hormone which increases blood circulation and breathing
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Adrenaline is produced when people are in dangerous situations.
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carbohydrate
fuel for the body which includes starch and sugar
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Diets rich in carbohydrate often lead to weight gain.
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congenital
present from birth
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The baby was born with a congenital heart defect and needed a major operation just to survive.
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cortisol
a hormone produced by the adrenal gland affecting metabolism
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As well as regulating metabolism, cortisol also helps control blood sugar levels.
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cumulation
an increase in the effect of a drug when given over a long period
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The effectiveness of the drug increased as a result of cumulation so the dose was lowered.
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endorphins
hormones produced by the body to stop pain
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Our body produces endorphins as a natural pain killer.
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equivalent
the same or equal
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The active ingredients found in generic medicine are supposed to be equivalent to their brand name counterparts.
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glucose
a simple sugar found in blood
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Diabetics need to keep an eye on their blood glucose levels.
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gout
a disease in which defective metabolism of uric acid causes arthritis
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Rich foods and alcohol can trigger attacks of gout.
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hormone
a substance produced by a gland
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The diagnosis showed that insufficient levels of the hormone were being produced.
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hyperthyroidism
the condition of excessive production of thyroxine
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The doctor examined the thyroid gland to see if hyperthyroidism was present.
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insulin
the hormone responsible for controlling blood sugar
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People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin.
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intermittent
not continuous or steady
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He described the pain as intermittent and burning.
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lipids
fats
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Lipids are insoluble in water.
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oral
related or connected to the mouth
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The medication should be taken by oral means.
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pituitary gland
a hormone producing gland located under the brain
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Trauma may cause your pituitary gland to stop producing enough of one or more of its hormones.
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pustule
a small blister of pimple containing pus
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She squeezed the pustule and pus came out.
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spleen
the largest lymph organ, acting primarily as a blood filter
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His spleen ruptured in the accident.
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