Unit 33: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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appendicitis
the inflammation of the appendix
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He was diagnosed with appendicitis and rushed to hospital.
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arthritis
inflammation of the joints
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Arthritis is more common among the elderly than younger people.
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bacterial
of or connected to bacteria
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Bacterial infections should be treated with antibiotics.
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balanitis
inflammation of the penis
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He was prescribed antibiotics to treat the balanitis.
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bronchitis
an inflammation of the bronchi
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Even after bronchitis has been treated, a wet cough can last a further 2 weeks.
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cellulitis
inflammation of connective tissue
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Make sure you disinfect the wound to stop bacteria entering and causing cellulitis.
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colpitis
an inflammation of the vagina
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Colpitis can occur as an allergic reaction to spermicide.
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conjunctivitis
an inflammation of the eye
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Bacterial conjunctivitis is more serious than viral conjunctivitis.
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cystitis
the inflammation of the urinary bladder
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Most cases of cystitis are caused by E.coli bacteria.
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dermatitis
an inflammation of the skin
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Dermatitis is likely to occur if the skin is exposed to an irritant or allergen.
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determine
to find out or find the reason
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Tests were carried out to determine the cause of his shortness of breath.
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duritis
inflammation of the dura mater
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The doctor is unsure of the problem but is testing for duritis.
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dysentery
infection of the intestines
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Many travelers in India report cases of abdominal pains which later prove to be dysentery.
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endometritis
the inflammation of the interior lining of the uterus
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A diet rich in fruit, vegetables and seeds can be beneficial to women with endometritis.
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erythroderma
red skin
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The most common cause of erythroderma is exacerbation of an underlying skin disease.
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gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
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There are many natural remedies for gastritis, such as green tea, probiotics and essential oils.
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glossitis
inflammation of the kidney
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Glossitis is often caused by nutritional deficiencies and can cause oral discomfort.
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gonorrhea
a bacterial infection in sex organs
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The number of reported cases of gonorrhea in the US has increased by over 75%.
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hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
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In many cases hepatitis B is contracted through sexual contact.
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immunodeficiency
failure of the immune system to protect the body adequately from infection
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An immunodeficiency can be caused by poor nutrition and bad sanitation.
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