Unit 34: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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impetigo
a skin infection
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After you take the medicine for least 24 hours, impetigo isn't contagious anymore.
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inflammation
reddening and swelling of a body part as a reaction to injury or infection
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The infection led to inflammation around the affected area.
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laryngitis
inflammation of the voice box
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He wasn’t able to give his speech as his laryngitis made speaking painful.
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lymphadenitis
inflammation of the lymph nodes
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Any infection or virus, even the common cold, can cause lymphadenitis.
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myometritis
the inflammation of the uterus
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A course of intravenous antibiotics was administered to treat the myometritis.
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nephritis
inflammation of the kidney
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Although nephritis is not always curable, proper treatment can protect the kidneys.
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neuritis
the inflammation of a nerve
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Pain and temporary vision loss in one eye are common symptoms of optic neuritis.
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otitis
the inflammation of the ear
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Otitis is a common condition affecting children who spend too much time swimming.
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pediculosis
an infection of small bugs, lice
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Head lice are the most common form of pediculosis.
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pneumonia
the inflammation of the lungs
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Flu can lead to more serious conditions like pneumonia.
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polyarteritis
the inflammation of many arteries at once
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Polyarteritis is a rare disease resulting from blood vessel inflammation.
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psoriasis
a skin disease marked by red itchy patches
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Psoriasis sufferers should moisturize after washing to soothe the itching.
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rhinitis
the inflammation of the nose
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There is often no need for medical treatment in the case of rhinitis.
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shingles
an acute infection of nerve ganglia caused by the zoster virus
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The risk of a person with shingles spreading the virus is low if the rash is covered.
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stomatitis
an inflammation inside of the mouth
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If you are suffering from stomatitis, you should avoid eating crunchy or spicy foods.
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syphilis
an infection spread by sexual contact
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When diagnosed and treated in its early stages, syphilis is easy to cure.
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tendinitis
the inflammation of the tendons
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Without correct treatment, tendinitis can increase the risk of tendon rupture.
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URI (upper respiratory infection)
a cold or flu
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Most cases of upper respiratory infection can be treated at home.
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urethrocystitis
the inflammation of the urethra
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Urethrocystitis is most commonly caused by infection, although this is not always the case.
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vaginitis
the inflammation of the vagina
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Vaginitis can be caused by either a yeast or a bacterial infection.
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