Unit 37: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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aerosol
a form of medication which is sprayed and can be inhaled
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The asthma medication was administered by aerosol.
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analgesic
a drug such as aspirin used as a pain killer
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When the patient complained of pain, the nurse gave him paracetamol as an oral analgesic.
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antacid
a drug used to treat heartburn or indigestion
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Many people take antacid to soothe their stomachs after eating spicy or fatty food.
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antianginal
medication used to alleviate chest pain
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The doctor prescribed an antianginal to manage his heart disease.
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antibiotics
a drug which prevents or hinders the growth of germs
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Patients need to finish the complete course of antibiotics, or else they risk the infection coming back stronger.
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anticoagulants
medication used to prevent blood clotting
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Anticoagulants are used to prevent life-threatening blood clots.
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anticonvulsants
medication used to prevent seizures
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Anticonvulsants can be effective in the management of epilepsy seizures.
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antidiarrheal
medication used to prevent diarrhea
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There are several over-the-counter antidiarrheal medications available.
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antidote
a substance which can treat an allergic reaction
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When traveling through snake-infested territories, he always makes sure that he has a few doses of antidote with him.
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antiemetic
medication to stop vomiting or nausea
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The woman was given an antiemetic to stop the vomiting caused by her cancer treatment.
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antihistamine
medication used to stop an allergic reaction
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Hay fever sufferers rely heavily on antihistamine pills during the spring and summer.
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antipruritic
medication to stop itchiness
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Most skin creams for eczema contain a mild antipruritic to help ease symptoms.
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antiseptic
a substance which prevents or hinders the growth of germs
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Always use an antiseptic spray to disinfect a wound before applying a plaster.
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beta blockers
medication used to slow the heart
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She took beta blockers after her first heart attack to reduce the risk of a second one.
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clinical trial
a research study using a new drug or device
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The results of the clinical trial showed a 25% decrease in relapses as compared with the older medication.
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emetic
medication used to cause vomiting
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He had overdosed so was given an emetic to induce vomiting.
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emollient
any substance which softens skin
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You should apply the emollient to dry skin three times a day.
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placebo
a medicine with no physiological effect
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He was given sugar tablets as a placebo.
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purgative
medication used to cause bowels to empty
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As he had been constipated for almost 72 hours, the doctor gave him a purgative.
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sedative
medication used to relax a person without making them sleepy
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Drowsiness and confusion are common side effects of sedatives.
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