Unit 38: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
UK
arterioles
a branch of an artery leading into a capillary
UK
Arterioles constrict and dilate to regulate blood flow.
UK
inhalant
a medicinal preparation given through nose or mouth
UK
In case of an unexpected asthma attack, he always carries an inhalant in his backpack.
UK
larynx
voice box
UK
The larynx is responsible for manipulating pitch and volume.
UK
participate
be involved in
UK
2,000 patients will participate in the study of ADHD in adults.
UK
pathogenic
causing disease
UK
Bacteria can be either harmless or pathogenic.
UK
penicillin
a naturally produced antibiotic
UK
Discovered in 1928, penicillin is still used today to treat infection.
UK
phrenic
of or connected to the mind or the diaphragm
UK
The phrenic nerves contain motor and sensory nerve fibers.
UK
postictal
occurring after a seizure
UK
The altered state of consciousness after a seizure, known as the postictal state, lasts up to 30 minutes.
UK
preictal
occurring before a seizure
UK
People who experience a preictal stage can use it as a warning to prepare for the seizure.
UK
prosthesis
an artificial body part
UK
After the amputation he was fitted for a prosthesis.
UK
remission
a reduction of disease or pain
UK
While in partial remission, you may be able to take a break from treatment.
UK
renal
of or connected to the kidney
UK
Kidney stones often lead to renal colic, a horrible pain that occurs when stones block part of the urinary tract.
UK
retinal
of or connected to a layer at the back of the eyeball that contains cells sensitive to light
UK
A retinal detachment is a serious problem that can cause blindness.
UK
seizure
sudden and uncontrolled muscle spams
UK
An epileptic seizure can be controlled with the correct medication.
UK
sickle cell anemia
a hereditary condition in which there aren't enough healthy red blood cells
UK
Severe sickle cell anemia can damage the heart, brain, and lungs if not treated in a timely manner.
UK
sleep apnea
problems breathing while dormant
UK
Partners of patients with sleep apnea often complain of the sound of snoring.
UK
streptococcus
a common type of spherical bacteria which can cause anything from mild throat infections to pneumonia
UK
The first step in treating streptococcus is to determine whether it is Group A or Group B.
UK
syndrome
a group of symptoms which occur together
UK
Down syndrome is not a disease, disorder, or medical condition so does not require treatment or prevention.
UK
tetany
intermittent muscle spasms caused by a lack of calcium
UK
Deficiencies of calcium, magnesium or potassium can cause tetany.
UK
tinnitus
ringing or buzzing in the ears
UK
Tinnitus can present as an intermittent or continuous sound in one or both ears.
Go to Unit Activities