Unit 41: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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abortion
the procedure of terminating a pregnancy
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As the doctor had said that the pregnancy was dangerous for the mother, she decided to have an abortion.
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afferent
moving in a central direction
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Neurons which receive information from our sensory organs and convey this information to the central nervous system are called afferent neurons.
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amniochorial
of or connected to the tissues around an unborn baby
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Some medications can have negative effects on the integrity of the amniochorial membrane.
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chorion
the external layer of tissue covering an unborn baby
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The chorion contributes to the formation of placenta.
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convulsion
a sudden uncontrolled movement of the body
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It's a rare condition where high blood pressure results in severe convulsion during pregnancy.
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dystocia
an abnormally difficult childbirth
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After 16 hours of dystocia, the baby was successfully delivered.
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fallopian tube
the pair of tubes in which an egg moves from the ovary to the uterus
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A blocked fallopian tube is a possible cause of female infertility.
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gavage
the administration of food through a tube into the stomach
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As the infant was too under-developed to feed, he was given a gavage.
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hemorrhoids
bulging veins in the rectal area
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Hemorrhoids are a common side effect of pregnancy.
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inferior
toward the lower part of the body
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The ankle is inferior to the knee.
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laceration
a deep cut or tear in the skin
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The laceration required 16 stitches.
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miscarriage
the loss of an unborn baby from uterus before time
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She attended therapy after the miscarriage.
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oral administration
administered by mouth
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These are suppositories and must not be taken by oral administration.
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parturition
the action of childbirth
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The weeks following parturition can be difficult for new mothers.
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perineum
the area between the anus and the vulva or scrotum
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During childbirth it is common for the perineum to tear.
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spasm
a painful muscle contraction
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Her leg began to spasm after she suffered intense cramping.
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stenosis
the narrowing of a passageway
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Cervical stenosis is associated with reduced chance of pregnancy.
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sterilization
the act of killing all living germs
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Hospitals take sterilization of tools very seriously.
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traumatic
causing physical damage
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Cesarians are a more traumatic form of delivery than natural childbirth.
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umbilical region
the area surrounding the naval
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Gently clean your baby's umbilical region with a mild soap.
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