Unit 42: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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appendectomy
an operation to remove the appendix
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As he was suffering from an appendicitis, he was scheduled for an appendectomy the following day.
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arthroplasty
an operation to repair a joint
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The arthroplasty on his wrist was completely successful.
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bronchoplasty
an operation to repair the bronchi
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A bronchoplasty is contraindicated for patients with angina.
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cardiopulmonary bypass
an alternative channel for blood to flow around the heart during open surgery
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Once the cardiopulmonary bypass was in place, the main surgery began.
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carpectomy
an operation to remove the wrist bone
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Proximal row carpectomy is an effective procedure in the treatment of painful arthritis.
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chondrectomy
an operation to remove cartilage
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The damaged cartilage in the wrist was removed by chondrectomy.
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colectomy
an operation to remove the colon or a part of it
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Infection remains the greatest risk associated with a colectomy.
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cranioplasty
an operation to repair the skull
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During the cranioplasty a metal plate was inserted in the skull.
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craniotomy
an operation on the skull
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The patient had a foreign object lodged inside his skull so a craniotomy was required.
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cystectomy
an operation to remove a cyst or bladder
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The surgeon decided that the best way forward was a radical cystectomy taking out all of the bladder.
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cystostomy
an operation to make an opening in the bladder
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A cystostomy was performed to collect a sample for biopsy.
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debridement
surgery to remove foreign material or dead tissue from a wound
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The surgical team had to carry out debridement before they could close the wound.
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dermatoplasty
an operation to repair skin
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As she was very self-conscious of the birthmark on her face she decided to undergo dermatoplasty to cover it with a skin graft.
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gastrectomy
an operation to remove the stomach or a part of it
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After a gastrectomy, it is important to follow a strict diet.
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gastrostomy
an operation to make an opening into the stomach
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A tube was inserted through the hole made by gastrostomy.
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hysterectomy
an operation to remove the uterus
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Most women are discharged from hospital 2-3 days after a hysterectomy.
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laryngoplasty
an operation to repair the voice box
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During the laryngoplasty, an implant will be inserted to push the weak vocal cord closer to the center of the voice box.
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lobectomy
an operation to remove a part of the lung
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The procedure of lobectomy is used when there is only a tumor in one section of the lung.
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mastectomy
an operation to remove the breast
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As the breast cancer was spreading, she had a mastectomy.
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myoplasty
an operation to repair a muscle
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The wall of the man's chest was reconstructed using myoplasty.
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