Unit 46: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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cough
sudden expulsion of air from the lunch accompanied by a low sound
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He developed a severe cough after his hiking trip to Alaska.
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cyanosis
a bluish discoloration of skin caused by lack of oxygen
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The cyanosis on his hands and fingers probably comes from exposure to cold.
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diaphoresis
excessive sweating
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While detoxing from alcohol addiction, she experienced diaphoresis.
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distended
swollen due to pressure from inside
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The stomach was distended so the swelling needed to be relieved.
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diuresis
excessive urination
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The most common treatment for diuresis is an anti-diuretic pill that helps the person retain fluids.
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dysphagia
abnormal difficulty swallowing
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Persistent dysphagia could be symptomatic of a serious medical condition requiring treatment.
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dysphonia
difficulty in speaking
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His dysphonia was attributed to excessive shouting at a football match.
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dyspnea
abnormal difficulty breathing
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Asthma often results in dyspnea, because the lungs are inflamed and constricted.
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dysuria
painful or difficult urination
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Dysuria is most often caused by a bacterial infection.
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emesis
vomiting
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He presented with emesis and abdominal pains
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emphysema
the state of excess air collecting in deep in the lung
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Patients with stage 3 or 4 emphysema should seek medical help.
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epistaxis
a nosebleed
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On its own epistaxis does not require medical attention.
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erythema
superficial reddening
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The doctor prescribed a topical cream to combat the erythema.
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etiology
the cause or set of causes
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The first specialist was unable to identify the etiology of the condition.
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flatus
gas in or from the stomach
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He found flatus the most uncomfortable symptom of the illness.
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gastrodynia
abnormal pain in the stomach
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The tests ruled out organic causes of his gastrodynia.
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hematuria
the presence of blood in the urine
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A urine analysis was conducted when the doctor noticed hematuria.
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hypercalcemia
the state of having too much calcium in the blood
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Mild hypercalcemia is usually asymptomatic.
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hypercapnia
the state of having too much carbon dioxide in the blood
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Hypercapnia may be symptomatic of an underlying condition affecting your breathing and your blood.
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hyperglycemia
the state of having too much sugar in the blood
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Frequent hunger and thirst as well as increased urination may signal hyperglycemia.
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