Unit 49: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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adverse
having negative effects
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A lot of medications can have adverse side effects.
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antibodies
proteins in the body which protect from foreign matter
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In a healthy immune system, antibodies attack antigens by binding to them.
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arteriogram
an x-ray when a dye is used to show arteries
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The arteriogram showed a blockage in one of the arteries.
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atraumatic
not causing damage to the tissue
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New atraumatic dental surgery techniques are becoming more popular.
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audiogram
a graphic record of a hearing test
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The audiogram showed that hearing problems were present in both ears.
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auscultation
listening to sounds inside the body using a stethoscope
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Auscultation is a common practice in diagnosing breathing problems.
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cystogram
an x-ray of the bladder
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As the doctor suspected reflux, he ordered a cystogram to confirm his initial diagnosis.
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eversion
the process of turning inside out
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The patient reported intense pain during eversion of the left foot.
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guaiac test
test to check for blood in stool
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The advantage of the guaiac test over other stool tests is that it can identify even hidden blood.
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laparoscopy
a surgical procedure where a tool is inserted into the abdomen
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Patients often report temporary discomfort after a laparoscopy.
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lipid tests
tests to measure the level of fat in the blood
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As the results of the lipid tests showed borderline high risk, the doctor recommended repeating the test every month.
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lumbar puncture
the procedure of taking fluid from the spine for testing
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Although uncommon, complications can occur from a lumbar puncture.
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natal
of or connected to childbirth
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During the consultation, the doctor explained the possible natal complications.
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palmar
of or connected to the hand or palm
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The palmar surface displayed unusual sensitivity to heat.
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psychogenic
originating from the mind
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It appeared that the symptoms were psychogenic and not based on any physical problem.
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pyelogram
an x-ray of the kidney
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Caution should be used when giving a pyelogram to patients with infected urine.
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renogram
an x-ray to check kidney function by measuring the speed a dye passes through the kidney
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The results of the renogram showed that kidney function was normal.
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serum bilirubin
a blood test to check for liver disorder
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The doctor decided to wait for the results of the serum biilirubin.
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stool culture
a test for bacteria in feces
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After receiving confirmation of the diagnosis from the stool culture, antibiotics were prescribed to treat the infection.
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tolerance
a decrease in the body’s response to a drug over time
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The dose of the medication had to be increased as the body developed a tolerance to it.
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