Unit 14: Vocabulary

Please study the 20 vocabulary terms below. Then press the Mark Complete button to continue.
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ADME
the four stages a drug goes through when administered: Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion
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Before being approved for use, new drugs must be studied according to ADME.
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cytology
the study of cells
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Urine was collected so as to perform a cytology test.
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embryology
the study of the unborn baby
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Developments in the field of embryology have resulted in advancements in artificial insemination.
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genes
nucleotides passed from the parents to a child, which determine the makeup of the body and mind
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Our physical and mental characteristics are highly determined by our genes.
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hematology
the study of blood
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The complete blood count is the most common hematology test.
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histology
the study of tissue using a microscope
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A lot of smaller hospitals are not equipped to conduct complex histology tests.
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idiosyncrasy
an unusual side effect of a drug
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No one had expected the medication to cause this idiosyncrasy.
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oncology
the study of and treatment of tumors
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The oncology ward can accommodate 30 patients.
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ophthalmology
the study of disorders of the eye
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He studied general medicine for the first 5 years and then specialized in ophthalmology.
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optometry
the study of the eye
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New technologies are dramatically changing the field of optometry and allowing more people to see better.
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orthopedics
the study of bones and joints
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Historically, orthopedics was dominated by men due to the physical demands of the job.
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otology
the study of the ears and hearing
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His research in otology led to finding a cure for certain kinds of deafness.
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pathology
the study of changes in the body caused by disease
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His interest in pathology started in medical school when his father died of heart disease.
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percussion
the action of tapping the body and listening to the sound produced as a method of diagnosis
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The doctor performed percussion on the rib cage and listened to the sound.
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phlebotomy
the removal of blood using a needle
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A blood sample was taken using phlebotomy.
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proctology
the study of rectal and anal disorders
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The proctology ward is fully equipped with all modern diagnostic machines.
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prognosis
the likely course of a medical condition
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The doctor said that the prognosis was good for a full recovery.
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somatic
related or connected to the body
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It was clear that the symptoms were somatic in origin.
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treadmill stress test
a test to measure heart function while exercising
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The treadmill stress test showed an irregular heartbeat.
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urinalysis
analysis of the liquid body waste
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The urinalysis showed the presence of bacteria in the urine.
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