Unit 16: Vocabulary

Please study the 20 vocabulary terms below. Then press the Mark Complete button to continue.
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aerosol
A form of how medication is administered, where it is sprayed and can be inhaled.
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The asthma medication was administered by aerosol.
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analgesic
A drug such as aspirin, used as a pain kille.
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When the patient complained of pain, the nurse gave him paracetamol as an oral analgesic.
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antacid
A drug used to treat heartburn or indigestion.
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Many people take antacid to soothe their stomachs after eating spicy or fatty food.
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antianginal
Medication used to alleviate chest pain.
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The doctor prescribed an antianginal to manage his heart disease.
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antibiotics
A range of drugs which prevent or hinder the growth of bacteria.
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Patients need to finish the complete course of antibiotics, or else they risk the infection coming back stronger.
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anticoagulants
Medication used to prevent blood clotting.
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Anticoagulants are used to prevent life-threatening blood clots.
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anticonvulsants
Medication used to prevent seizures.
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Anticonvulsants can be effective in the management of epilepsy seizures.
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antidiarrheal
Medication used to prevent diarrhea.
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There are several over-the-counter antidiarrheal medications available.
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antidote
Substances which can counteract forms of poisoning.
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When traveling through snake-infested territories, he always makes sure that he has a few doses of antidote with him.
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antiemetic
Medication to stop vomiting or nausea.
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The woman was given an antiemetic to stop the vomiting caused by her cancer treatment.
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antihistamine
Medication used to stop an allergic reaction.
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Hay fever sufferers rely heavily on antihistamine pills during the spring and summer.
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antipruritic
Medication to stop itchiness.
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Most skin creams for eczema contain a mild antipruritic to help ease symptoms.
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antiseptic
A substance applied to the external surfaces of the body to reduce the risk of infection by preventing or hindering the growth of germs.
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Always use an antiseptic spray to disinfect a wound before applying a plaster.
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beta blockers
Medication used to slow the heart.
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She took beta blockers after her first heart attack to reduce the risk of a second one.
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clinical trial
A research study testing a new drug or device.
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The results of the clinical trial showed a 25% decrease in relapses as compared with the older medication.
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emetic
Medication used to cause vomiting.
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He had overdosed, so was given an emetic to induce vomiting.
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emollient
A substance which softens skin.
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You should apply the emollient to dry skin three times a day.
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placebo
A medicine with no physiological effect, used as a control when testing new drugs.
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He was given sugar tablets as a placebo.
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purgative
Medication used to cause bowels to empty.
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As he had been constipated for almost 72 hours, the doctor gave him a purgative.
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sedative
Medication used to relax a person and/or induce sleep.
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Drowsiness and confusion are common side effects of sedatives.
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