Unit 22: Vocabulary

Please study the 20 vocabulary terms below. Then press the Mark Complete button to continue.
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nephrectomy
an operation to remove a kidney
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Strenuous activity should be avoided for 6 weeks following a nephrectomy.
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neuroplasty
an operation to repair a nerve
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Neuroplasty is recommended for patients with nerve irritation due to epidural adhesion after spine surgery.
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occlude
stop, close, or obstruct an opening
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The surgery to occlude the artery was successful.
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osteoclasis
an operation to break a bone
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The deformation in the bone caused problems walking so osteoclasis was used to fracture and correct the shape of it.
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osteoplasty
an operation to repair a bone
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Osteoplasty can be used to relieve pain from bone disease.
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palatoplasty
an operation to repair the top of the mouth
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Laser-assisted palatoplasty can be used to stop snoring.
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pleuropexy
an operation to repair the film covering the lungs
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As the lung membrane was damaged, a pleuropexy was performed to repair it.
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pneumonectomy
an operation to remove a lung
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After her pneumonectomy, she had to give up her running career.
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polypectomy
an operation to remove a polyp
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In most cases a polypectomy is a pre-emptive surgery to prevent the possibility of polyps becoming cancerous.
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prone
lying flat with face downwards
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The patient was prone on his front awaiting the surgery.
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renal biopsy
an operation to remove a piece of the kidney to be studied
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As the doctor suspected kidney damage, a renal biopsy was taken for analysis.
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renal transplant
kidney transplant
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He was on the waiting list for a renal transplant for 3 months before a donor was found.
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rhinoplasty
an operation to repair the nose
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There is a lot of controversy over minors receiving cosmetic rhinoplasty.
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supine
lying flat on the back with face upwards
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Most operations take place when the patient is in a supine position.
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thoracotomy
an operation to cut into the chest
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He has a large scar across his chest from the thoracotomy.
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thyroidectomy
an operation to remove all or part of the thyroid gland
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He had a thyroidectomy at the age of 8 to cure his severe hyperthyroidism.
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tracheoplasty
an operation to repair the windpipe
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Slide tracheoplasty is a surgical procedure to improve airflow in your child's obstructed airway.
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tracheostomy
an operation to make a hole from the windpipe to the outside of the neck
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The EMT did an emergency tracheostomy to allow oxygen to reach the lung.
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tubal ligation
an operation to seal uterine tubes to prevent pregnancy
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She decided to have the tubal ligation to prevent the possibility of further pregnancies.
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vasectomy
the surgical blocking or cutting of each vas deferens tube, keeping sperm cells out of a man's semen; performed as a means of male sterilization
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As his wife did not want any more children, he decided to have a vasectomy.
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