Unit 29: Vocabulary

Please study the 20 vocabulary terms below. Then press the Mark Complete button to continue.
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airway
tube by which air can pass into the lungs
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First responders are taught to check patients for a blocked airway.
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anoxia
having no oxygen
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Anoxia can have long-lasting effects on the patient such as brain damage.
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anterior
of or connected to the front of the body
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The infection was restricted to the anterior of the eye.
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asphyxia
suffocation, the deprival of oxygen
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The medical examiner concluded that he had died from asphyxia.
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cardiac arrest
the stopping of the heart
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Mortality rates from cardiac arrest have improved over time with updated procedures and medical equipment.
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cardiomyopathy
any disorder of the heart muscle
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Proper diet and exercise are important for the prevention of cardiomyopathy.
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cardiotonic
medicine used to improve the pumping of the heart
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The patient responded well to the cardiotonic medicine.
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cardioversion
using electric shocks to stabilize the heart beat
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Cardioversion is used primarily to treat a fast, irregular heart rhythm.
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caudal
near or in the direction of the lower side of the organ
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The artery enters the heart at the caudal pole.
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consequences
the results or outcomes of an action
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There are many negative consequences from drug abuse.
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croup
a breathing condition in children causing coughing
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It is important to keep a child suffering from croup calm as agitation can worsen the coughing.
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diastole
the rest period of the heart between contractions
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During diastole the aortic and pulmonary valves remain closed.
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distal
referring to a further distance from the center
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The radius was fractured at the distal end.
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efferent
carrying away from a starting point, such as an organ or the central nervous system
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Efferent nerves carry neural impulses away from the central nervous system to the muscles to cause movement.
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lobe
a rounded or hanging part of something
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The pituitary gland is divided into the anterior lobe and the posterior lobe.
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pacemaker
a device inserted under the skin to control the heart rate
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Implanting a pacemaker is now considered a minor surgical procedure.
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pericardium
the membrane enclosing the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels
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An inflamed pericardium will cause chest pain.
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pleura
thin tissue covering the interior walls of the chest and the exterior of the lungs
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The pleura aids the lungs in breathing by providing lubrication and cushioning.
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pulmonary
of or connected to the lungs
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The child was born with a congenital pulmonary malformation.
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ventilator
a machine used to help a person breathe
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The comatose boy was put on a ventilator to help keep him alive.
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