Unit 21 Reading Activity Plus Questions

Listen to the audio recording while you read along. Then answer the comprehension questions that follow the text.

What Is The Difference Between Asperger's Syndrome and ADHD?

It’s not uncommon for people to wonder whether someone they know has either Asperger's Syndrome (AS) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivy Disorder (ADHD). The two share many similarities, and even for a trained professional it is not always easy to tell them apart. 

What makes AS and ADHD appear so much alike is the fact that both conditions involve a disturbance of two processes, executive functioning, and information processing. Executive functioning refers to the brain’s ability to regulate, control and manage other processes, such as planning, attention, problem-solving, inhibition, mental flexibility, task switching, and initiation and monitoring of actions.

Information processing involves how the brain gathers, manipulates, stores, retrieves and classifies information.

The fact that problems with executive functioning and with information processing are common to both disorders may explain why, by one estimate, roughly 60-70 percent of children with AS have symptoms that are similar to children with ADHD.

Reading Comprehension Questions

Peers should try to accommodate mood changes and coordination issues of diagnosed children:
Using implied or literal language can potentially lead to a tantrum with AS patients:
Difficulties in concentration and being easily distracted or drawn away from tasks could be signs of ADHD:
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