What Is The Difference Between Asperger's Syndrome and ADHD?
Itâs not uncommon for people to wonder whether someone they know has either Asperger's Syndrome (AS) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivy Disorder (ADHD). The two share many similarities, and even for a trained professional it is not always easy to tell them apart.
What makes AS and ADHD appear so much alike is the fact that both conditions involve a disturbance of two processes, executive functioning, and information processing.
Executive functioning refers to the brainâs ability to regulate, control and manage other processes, such as planning, attention, problem-solving, inhibition, mental flexibility, task switching, and initiation and monitoring of actions.
Information processing involves how the brain gathers, manipulates, stores, retrieves and classifies information.
The fact that problems with executive functioning and with information processing are common to both disorders may explain why, by one estimate, roughly 60-70 percent of children with AS have symptoms that are similar to children with ADHD.